Consolidating new memories requires the amygdala and
The challenges from Malcolm and Dennett are covered.
These challenges question the authority of the common-sense view of dreaming as a consciously experienced state.
The phenomenon of dreaming is used as key evidence for the sceptical hypothesis that everything we currently believe to be true could be false and generated by a dream.
Descartes holds the common-sense view that dreams, which regularly occur in all people, are a sequence of experiences often similar to those we have in waking life (this has come to be labelled as the “received view” of dreaming).
He begins by stating that he is certain of being seated by the fire in front of him.
He then dismisses the idea that this belief could be certain because he has been deceived before in dreams where he has similarly been convinced that he was seated by a fire, only to wake and discover that he was only dreaming that he was seated by a fire. is the resulting famous question Descartes asked himself.
Though Descartes was not the first to ask himself this question (see Zhuangzi’s eponymous work, Plato’s Theaetetus and Aristotle’s Metaphysics) he was the first philosopher to doggedly pursue and try to answer the question.
Might dreaming play another role such as a contrast analysis with other mental states?There is, Descartes alleges, a sufficient similarity between the two experiences for dreamers to be routinely deceived into believing that they are having waking experiences while we are actually asleep and dreaming.The dream argument has similarities to his later evil demon argument.Descartes strove for certainty in the beliefs we hold.In his Meditations on First Philosophy he wanted to find out what we can believe with certainty and thereby claim as knowledge.